# excel How to calculate CAGR Compound Annual Growth Rate if the starting value is Zero?

On the surface, the stock fund may look like a better investment, with nearly nine times the return of the savings account. On the other hand, one of the drawbacks of the CAGR is that by smoothing the returns, The CAGR cannot tell an investor how volatile or risky the stock fund was. For example, an investment may increase in value by 8% in one year, decrease in value by -2% the following year, and increase in value by 5% in the next. CAGR helps smooth returns when growth rates are expected to be volatile and inconsistent. Thus, the online CAGR calculator provides you with the annual growth rate that you can use to compare with a benchmark return prevailing in the market. CAGR is not the only annual growth rate investors and businesses will refer to.

- Anyone who wants to estimate the return on investment can use the CAGR calculator.
- To use a simplistic example, a $100,000 portfolio growing at a 10% CAGR after five years is worth $161,051.
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Another metric, albeit one less used, is AAGR, or Average Annual Growth Rate. For us investors, it is the percentage which applied equally to every period would leave us with the final amount. Since investing almost always means volatility, with portfolios moving up and down based on value in the market, CAGR strips out that volatility to only concentrate on the starting and ending point. You ignore the path and only see what constant percentage would have left your investment in the current state.

## Limitations of CAGR

You can also use the CAGR calculator to calculate the absolute return on the investment. I-Sec and affiliates accept no liabilities for any loss or damage of any kind arising out of any actions taken in reliance thereon. You can use several test cases to evaluate returns in various scenarios. Now that you know how how to calculate cagr in normal calculator to calculate CAGR, it’s high time you found other applications which will help you make the greatest profit from your investments. All this information can be useful when choosing your savings account or figuring out where to place it. You might also need a CAGR calculator when you plan any capital investment.

We’re using the end value — $300,000 — in cell B12; the beginning value — $100,000 — in cell B2; and the period of years — 10 — in cell A10. Now, for the districts where the initial visitors are 0 or Null there there is error showing when calculating the CAGR as we are dividing it by 0. As you can see, “-50%, +30%, +20%” and “-7.948%, -7.948%, -7.948%” are equivalent from the perspective of your investment. Be sure to specify the beginning value (BV) as a negative number, otherwise your CAGR formula would return a #NUM! Now that you have a basic idea of what Compound Annual Growth Rate is, let’s see how you can calculate it in your Excel worksheets.

## Why Use CAGR instead of a Simple Average?

This could be a retail investor calculating the return on a stock or a venture capitalist calculating the growth rate of a potential investment. The average annual growth rate (AAGR) is the arithmetic mean of a series of growth rates that measures the average increase in the value of an investment or asset over a year. CAGR, being an average, is a smoothed out expectation of the performance of an investment which specifically ignores any variability in performance across years (or months, weeks, days…). To the extent that volatility is a measure of an investment’s risk, it is not at all accounted for in the calculation of a compound annual growth rate. In the case of CAGR, it doesn’t matter what is the time horizon of the investment. Note that unlike the simple growth rate, the compound annual growth rate enables you to compare investments with different time horizons.

Many investors prefer the CAGR because it smooths out the volatile nature of year-by-year growth rates. For instance, even a highly profitable and successful company will likely have several years of poor performance during its life. These bad years could have a large effect on individual years’ growth rates but would have a relatively small impact on the company’s CAGR.

## What is the difference between simple growth rate and compound annual growth rate?

CAGR can be applied in comparing return on equity with bonds or savng accounts. Further, it can be used to compare the performance of two companies and forecasting their future growth based on their historical data. The compound annual growth rate of a metric over time is equal to the average annual increase (or decrease) in that figure, compounded each year. Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR for short) is a financial term that measures the mean annual growth rate of an investment over a given period of time. Calculating CAGR using a normal calculator may seem daunting, but with our step-by-step guide, you can easily calculate the annual growth rate of your investment.

- Now that you have a basic idea of what Compound Annual Growth Rate is, let’s see how you can calculate it in your Excel worksheets.
- If you want to find out how long it would take for something to increase by n%, you can use our Rule of 72 calculator.
- Our CAGR formula divides $144 million (i.e. the future value) by $100 million (i.e. the present value) and then raises it to 1 divided by 5 (i.e. the number of periods).
- Calculating CAGR may seem difficult, especially if you don’t have access to financial software or tools.

Imagine an investor who wants to evaluate the CAGR of a $10,000 investment that was entered on June 1, 2013, and sold for $16,897.14 on Sept. 9, 2018. Click on submit after entering the above information, the CAGR calculator will automatically show you the CAGR on the basis of the input data. Our CAGR Formula in Excel is based on the mathematical formula for CAGR.

## What is the CAGR Definition?

We can see that on an annual basis, the year-to-year growth rates of the investment portfolio were quite different as shown in the parentheses. In this case, the returns generated by the asset are zero, as the losses in the final year cancel out the gains in the first and second years. However, the value of the investment increased as a result of further injecting funds into the investment.

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By knowing the CAGR of your investment, you can compare it with other investments and make informed decisions about your portfolio. Despite the availability of other measures of growth, such as annual return rate of an investment, the compound annual growth rate is considered a better

measure of an investment’s progress in terms of growth. When an investment or loan is compounding, the CAGR shows the average growth rate over time.

It is achieved by dividing the ending value by the beginning value and raising that figure to the inverse number of years before subtracting it by one. That’s actually a 5% CAGR, but the year-over-year volatility in those returns is huge. It’s like a map that correctly informs you your destination is only five miles away, without indicating the bumpy condition of the road. Another major limitation is the fact that the simple CAGR formula cannot incorporate cash inflows and outflows, hence why there are no such input fields present in this CAGR calculator. The annualized profitability of such investments need to be assessed in other ways.